BEZALEL


BEZALEL
BEZALEL, Academy of Arts and Design in Jerusalem. The Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design was founded in 1906 by boris schatz , first named the Bezalel School of Arts and Crafts. It was named after the artist in charge of the construction of the tabernacle , Bezalel ben Uri (Ex. 31:1–5, 35:30–32). Schatz, who had a utopian vision, believed that the students would be able to help build a Third Temple in Jerusalem. In 1903 Schatz broached his idea to Theodor Herzl, and the decision to establish Bezalel was confirmed at the Seventh Zionist Congress (Basel, 1905). From the beginning the institute contained three divisions: a school for painting, workshops, and the Bezalel Museum. In 1908, when the school moved to new premises it already taught 30 different crafts, such as silverwork, weaving, woodcarving, ivory inlaying, etc. In 1913 the number of students was around 500. In 1911–14 a separate branch for Yemenite goldsmiths operated in ben shemen . The works of art created in the workshops were displayed by Schatz in Europe and New York as means of getting financial support. The Bezalel style in crafts was a combination of Art Nouveau, the Oriental style, and the Art and Crafts Movement. Most of the objects were Judaica artifacts utilizing images from Jewish tradition, from the Bible as well as from the Zionist ideology (Elijah's Chair, 1916–25, Israel Museum, Jerusalem). Economic factors in the main caused the closure of the Bezalel institute in 1929. A basic argument about its artistic style was one of the reasons its influence on Israeli art declined. The leading opponents were a group of young artists from Tel Aviv who desired a connection with modern Western art styles such as Expressionism, Primitivism, and Cubism. German-influenced teachers founded the New Bezalel in 1935, and it was directed in that spirit by josef budko , erich mendelson , and mordecai ardon . At that time the influence of modernism and the aesthetics of the Bauhaus became dominant. Since the 1970s Bezalel has been the major institute for fine arts and design in Israel. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: O. Gideon, "The Utopian Art of Bezalel," in: Ariel, 51 (1982), 33–-63; N. Shilo-Cohen (ed.), Bezalel shel Schatz19061929 (1983). (Ronit Steinberg (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BEZALEL — (Heb. בְּצַלְאֵל; in the shadow (under the protection) of God, cf. Ps. 91:1; similar to the Akkadian ina ṣilli Bēl ( in the shadow of Bel ), ina ṣilli Nabû, in the shadow of Nabu, and the like), son of Uri, son of Hur of the tribe of Judah; an… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bezalel — ist ein hebräischer Name ( im Schatten Gottes ). Biblische Gestalt In der Bibel ist Bezalel ein angesehener Kunsthandwerker, der von Mose beauftragt wird, das Heiligtum des Wüstenzuges auszustatten. Im Buche Exodus 35,30 heißt es zu ihm: Dann… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bezalel — In Exodus 31:1 6, Bezalel (Hebrew: בְּצַלְאֵל, also transcribed as Betzalel and most accurately as B tzalel), is the chief architect of the Tabernacle. [ [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=1005 letter=B search=Bezalel BEZALEL]… …   Wikipedia

  • Bezalel — (fl. ?13th cent, BCE)    Israelite craftsman who constructed and decorated the Ark of the Covenant (Exodus 36:2) …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Bezalel — n. male first name (Hebrew) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Bezalel Academy of Art and Design — is Israel s national school of art. It is named after the Biblical figure Bezalel, son of Uri ( he. בְּצַלְאֵל בֶּן־אוּרִי), who was appointed by Moses to oversee the design and construction of the Tabernacle (Exodus 35:30).It is located on Mount …   Wikipedia

  • Bezalel-Akademie — Bezalel, 1913 Die Bezalel Academy of Art and Design ist eine israelische Kunst und Designhochschule mit etwa 1500 Studenten (Stand 2008). Sie wurde von Boris Schatz, einem Mitglied der bulgarischen Akademie der Künste, 1906 im damals noch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bezalel academy — Bezalel, 1913 Die Bezalel Academy of Art and Design ist eine israelische Kunst und Designhochschule mit etwa 1500 Studenten (Stand 2008). Sie wurde von Boris Schatz, einem Mitglied der bulgarischen Akademie der Künste, 1906 im damals noch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BEZALEL BEN MOSES HA-KOHEN — (1820–1878), Lithuanian rabbi and unofficial rabbi of Vilna. At the age of 11, Bezalel already knew by heart two of the six orders of the Talmud; at 13, he had covered the entire Talmud and amazed his listeners with his original halakhic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bezalel Suites — (Иерусалим,Израиль) Категория отеля: Адрес: 8 Bezalel, Иерусалим, 94591, Израиль …   Каталог отелей


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